Isilumkiso koomatiloshe: iqondo lobushushu eliphantsi kakhulu "libamisa" ibhetri yeselula yakho; sichaza ukuba kutheni

Ukusetyenziswa kweselfowuni kubushushu obuphantsi

Kule mihla xa siphula iirekhodi ezinobushushu obuphantsi, gcina engqondweni ukuba ibhetri ukusuka kwiselfowuni yakho inokunyamalala phantse kwijiffy ngenxa yetekhnoloji yabo. Oko kukuthi, njengokuba idlula i-15 degrees ngaphantsi kwe-zero, lumka ukuba ufuna ukusebenzisa iselfowuni.

Awuyi kuba ngowokuqala ukuhlawulisa ifowuni yakho nge-100% ukuya kuhambo ngamaqondo obushushu asezantsi kakhulu, kwaye xa ufuna ukusebenzisa iGPS ukufikelela kwindawo okuyo, ngequbuliso uzifumana sele ucinyiwe ngaphandle kwebhetri kwaye ungakhange ukwazi ukuyihlawulisa de uye kuma kwisikhululo segesi esilandelayo okanye kwisikhululo seenkonzo.

Kutheni ibhetri idreyini ngokukhawuleza?

Iselfowuni ngaphandle kwebhetri ngenxa yokubanda

Ukuze siqondane ngokukhawuleza, i Itekhnoloji yeebhetri ye-lithium-ion yangoku ixhomekeke kuthotho lweempendulo zamachiza ukuze basebenze. Ngala maqondo obushushu asezantsi kakhulu athi athobe isantya okanye ngokulula “amkhenkce” ezi ntshukumo.

Ngapha koko, ezinye iifowuni ezinje ngeSamsung, kwaneGlass10, + okhankanywe kwingxelo yesondlo, kwaye inxulumene nexesha lokutshaja, ukuba isebenza kakuhle xa ubushushu buphakathi kwe-10 ukuya kuma-40 degrees.

Ingcebiso yokutshaja ye-Samsung

Ukuba singena kwiinkcukacha ezincinci kwi-chemistry ehlala kwiibhetri ze-lithium-ion esizisebenzisa sonke kwii-mobiles zethu, Ukukhutshwa kwebhetri kuyaqhubeka njengoko iion lithium ihamba ngesisombululo esivela kwelinye icala lesiphelo sebhetri, esiya kuba yi-anode, siye kwelinye icala layo kwaye yintoni eyaziwa ngokuba yi-cathode. Xa ibhetri ikhutshwe ngokupheleleyo, zonke ezo ion zifakwe kwi-anode.

Into ehlekisayo ngayo yonke le nto yile Isizathu sokuba ingqele ibe yingozi asikaziwa ibhetri. Ngo-2011, iqela leenjineli zebhetri laxela kwiJenali ye -Electrochemical Society (ijenali egxile kwicandelo lenzululwazi ye-elektroniki kunye neetekhnoloji) ukuba iindlela ezichaphazela ukusebenza okuphantsi kolu hlobo lwebhetri azaziwa.

Musa ukuhlawulisa ifowuni yakho ngamaqondo aphantsi kakhulu okanye sele "iqhwa"

Lithium ion ibhetri

Ngoku, ukuba sikwisikhundla sichaze kancinci malunga nokuba zonke ezo ion zifunyenwe njani ecaleni kwebhetri esiyibiza ngokuba yi-cathode, ungaze ucinge ngokuzama ukuyilayishanjengoko inkqubo yokulayisha isenokungaphumeleli ngokungalindelekanga.

Nantsi into ekufuneka siyenzile kukuba nomonde kancinci kwaye thatha ifowuni uye kwindawo okanye indawo apho sinobushushu obuphantsi. Ngokomlingo, ibhetri yeselfowuni ibuya kwimeko yayo yendalo inepesenti efanayo yentlawulo.

UStephen J. Harris, usokhemisi kwiLebhu yeSizwe yaseLawrence Berkeley, phantsi kweemeko eziqhelekileyo zobushushu, ngokusebenzisa umbane okanye Ukuhlawulisa kwibhetri kuya "kuthwala" iiyoni zibuyele kwiipores kwigraphite anode. Kodwa xa ibhetri ingumkhenkce, ezo ion azikwazi ukungena kwigraphite kwaye ziphume kwisisombululo ukugquma umphezulu wegraphite njengelithium eqinileyo.

Ngoku, ukuba sizama ukutshaja iselfowuni ngelo xesha kanye, ngebhetri "ekhenkcezisiweyo", i Inkqubo inokumosha ukusebenza kunye nobomi ibhetri.

Oko kukuthi, nokuqondana ngokulula ngakumbi, xa ibhetri ye ifowuni yethu ibuyela kwiqondo lokushisa eliqhelekileyo, "i-ion" ziya kubuyela kwindawo yazo kwaye ipesenti yomthwalo ibuyele kwimeko yayo.

Ngoko ke, ukuba kufuneka ufune iselfowuni ukuhamba ngale ndlela ufuna ukuhamba ngayo ngayo yonke loo mimandla ikhephu, kwaye uyayidinga ukuze ukwazi ukuzibeka, cinga kabini; Ingakumbi ukuba uhamba kwiindawo ezidlula i-15 degrees Celsius ngaphantsi kwe-zero; Ungaphoswa yile isifundo sendlela yokucoca iselfowuni yakho.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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