I-Android 12 iveza uyilo olutsha kunye nokusebenza ngokutshintsha okumangalisayo

Android 12

UGoogle uveze ngexesha UGoogle I / O 2021 ingxelo elandelayo yenkqubo yokusebenza yeselfowuni, i-Android 12. Kwinkomfa yabaphuhlisi wakwazi ukunika iinkcukacha zokuqala, ukubheja kulwakhiwo ngokutsha kunye neendaba ezininzi ezibalulekileyo ezingathandabuzekiyo ezenza ukuba athabathele phezulu xa kuthelekiswa neenguqulelo zangaphambili.

NgoFebruwari uGoogle usungule ukujonga kuqala kwe-Android 12, ukusukela namhlanje i-beta yokuqala yenkqubo iyafumaneka, inguqulelo eya kuvuthwa kude kube luhlobo lokugqibela. I-beta inokufakwa kwiifowuni ezahlukeneyo ukubona ukuba yintoni eya kuba lilandela kwi-Android 11 kwiinyanga ezizayo.

Phakathi kotshintsho oluphambili yile yoBume boMbane obujonganayo, Imibala ngokwaneleyo ukunika inkangeleko eyahlukileyo kwinto eboniswe kwiinguqulelo ezidlulileyo. Ukongeza, utshintsho oluninzi longezwe kuseto olukhawulezayo, ukuphucula ubumfihlo kunye nokuphuculwa kwescreen sokwahlulahlula, phakathi kwezinye izinto ezintsha ezinokufunyanwa.

Izinto eziphathekayo, ujongano oluhlaziyiweyo ngokupheleleyo

UGoogle Android 12 I / O.

Eyona nto intsha iphambili ibonakalisiwe kwi-Android 12 ayisiyiyo enye ngaphandle kwendlela yokuhlaziya ebizwa ngokuba yi-Material You, ibalulekile ukuba ufuna ukunika umoya omtsha. Umboniso wenguqu yeshumi elinambini ye-Android sele inike iingcebiso ezincinci zotshintsho oluphawulekayo xa kuthelekiswa nohlobo lwangaphambili.

Kwi-Android 12 kukho ulwenziwo olukhulu lwe icon, imiphetho ejikelezileyo, izinto ezinobungakanani obuqinileyo kunye nayo yonke into ebekwe ngcono. Inguqulelo entsha yenkqubo yokusebenza ikwavumela ukuba ivumelane nemibala yayo emitsha iimenyu, ukuziqhelanisa ngokungathi luvukane, olwenza ukuba lube bhetyebhetye kwaye kuyafana nokusetyenziswa.

Imowudi emnyama yongeza utshintsho olubalulekileyo, ilungele ukuba isetyenziswa rhoqo kwisixhobo ngamaxesha athile emini okanye ibanjwe ngokusisigxina. Iibhola zesaziso zinemifanekiso emitsha, ngaphandle kotshintsho olwenziwe kwiwijethi, kwimenyu nakwiifestile.

Izinto zokuqala Uya kufika njengoko zihlala zisenzeka kwiifowuni zikaGoogle Pixel, iyakwenza njalo ekwindla kunye noko kulindeleke ukuba ibe yinguqu yokugqibela. UGoogle usebenza nzima ukuyilungisa emva kwehlobo, ke unexesha elaneleyo lokulungisa ingxaki.

Entsha Soloko Kwisikrini kunye nezinye iindaba

I-Android 12 beta th

Inoveli enomdla ngaphandle kokuhlaziya ujongano sisikrini esitsha esihlala siSikrini, esikwabizwa ngokuba siscreen seAmbient. Uhlaziyo luzisa iiwijethi ngesitayile esitsha, ngaphandle kwentshukumo yokuhamba phakathi kwezicelo ziphuculwe kwaye izisa imo yesandla esinye.

Iibini ze-App ziya kukuvumela ukuba usete izicelo ezimbini kwi-Android 12, ke zombini ziya kuhlala zivulekile xa ucofa kwenye okanye kwenye. Yindlela elula yokusebenzisa iiapps ezimbini ngaxeshanye kwiscreen, konke ngaphandle kokwahlulahlula, uya kuba nayo njengesiqhelo kwaye ungasebenzisi ukhetho lwangaphakathi.

I-Android 12 iye yalungisa iingxaki ezininzi xa usebenzisa ifowuni ukudlala naziphi na izihloko ezikhoyo, okwenza ukuba ube ngamava amahle kakhulu. Ibha edadayo ibandakanyiwe kukhetho oluninzi lomsebenzisi, zonke zinokuqwalaselwa kwaye zithandwa ngumsebenzisi.

I-Android 12 njengeqhosha lemoto

Ithegi ye-12 ye-Android

Inoveli enomdla ye-Android 12 kukuba nakho ukusebenzisa isixhobo esiphathwayo njengeqhosha ledijithali, ngale nto ungayivula imoto, kuba esi sixhobo kufuneka sibe netekhnoloji ye-UWB (Ultra Wideband). Abaxhamli bokuqala bokuyisebenzisa iya kuba ziifowuni zikaGoogle Pixel kunye nomgca we-Samsung ohlaziya kuhlobo lwe-12.

Uhlobo oluya kwamkela isitshixo sedijithali ngesixhobo esiphathwayo iya kuba yi-BMW yaseJamani, nangona kamva ezinye iimveliso ezaziwayo ezinje ngeHonda, MG kunye neAmerican Ford ziya kwenza njalo. Izixhobo zokuqala ziya kuba nakho ukusebenzisa obu buchwephesha ukusukela ekupheleni konyaka kwaye ihlala ibonwa ukuba isebenza njani.

Iiterminal ezine-UWB zezi zilandelayo:

  • I-Samsung Galaxy Z Fold 2
  • I-Samsung Galaxy 20 Ultra
  • iPhone 11
  • iPhone 12
  • Google Pixel 4
  • Google Pixel 4a

Okwangoku esinye sezixhobo ezimbalwa ezihambelana kwasekuqaleni, ke iya kukhula njengoko uXiaomi enale nto engqondweni kwaye bafuna ukuyifaka kwizixhobo zabo ezilandelayo. I-Android 12 iya kwenza abavelisi abaninzi ukuba baziqhelanise ngokukhawuleza kwaye ekugqibeleni banokusetyenziswa njengesitshixo.

Iphaneli entsha yabucala

Inkcazo ye-Android 12

Ubumfihlo budlala indima ebalulekileyo kwi-Android 12, inqaku ebelifuna ukuphucula emva kokuba iinguqulelo zangaphambili zinokhetho lwangaphakathi kweli nqanaba. Iphaneli yabucala yenguqulo entsha yenkqubo yokusebenza yongeza imenyu apho iya kukubonisa khona iimvume ezisetyenziswa sisicelo ngasinye.

Iphaneli entsha yabucala iyaqwalaselwa xa kuziwa ekususeni nasekunikeni iimvume, iya kuboniswa nje ukuba uqala isixhobo kwaye ufuna ukunika iimvume ezithile kwisicelo ngasinye osisebenzisayo. Veza amanye amaza okuvula ukwenza okanye ungasebenzi imvume nganye, ngoko ke elona cebiso lililo kukunika abo ubathembileyo.

Uphuculo olongezwe nguGoogle kwi-Android 12 yile yePCC, Eguqulwayo yiComputer yabucala yeCore. I-kernel iya kusetyenziswa yi-AI ukwenza umsebenzi wangaphakathi kwaye iya kwenza njalo kumcimbi wehardware. IComputer yabucala iya kugcina idatha yakho ebalulekileyo, nokuba yeyimifanekiso, iividiyo kunye namaxwebhu.

Ukusebenza okungcono kweCPU

Iselfowuni ye-12 yeselfowuni

I-Android 12 ithembisa ukusetyenziswa kweprosesa esezantsi, ukuya kuthi ga kwiipesenti ezingama-22, ubuncinci yile ndlela enye yeenjineli kuGoogle I / O 2021 ekuqinisekisile ngayo.Oku kuyakunceda xa kuziwa ekusebenziseni ngayo neminye imisebenzi, nokuba kungokufaka kunye nezihloko ezifuna ukusebenza kwehardware ephezulu, njengoko injalo ityala ngeGPU (i-Graphical CPU).

Ukusetyenziswa kwesiseko sokusebenza okuphezulu kuya kuncitshiswa ubuncinci nge-15% ukuze ukusetyenziswa kube sezantsi kwaye kusebenze ngakumbi xa kuziwa ekubeni nebhetri imini yonke. Ingongoma ebalulekileyo, iyasebenza kwaye ininzi ukwenza Android i-12 ibe ngumthwalo ongaphantsi kune-Android 11.

Ukuphuculwa komsindo

12 I-Android

I-Android 12 iya kuphucula kwisandi, konke ngenxa yomaleko wekhowudi, eya kudityaniswa nevidiyo, ifomathi eza kuxhaswa yiHVEC. Ukongeza, umfanekiso kwi-AVI uya kuba noxinzelelo ngaphandle kokulahleka komgangatho, uthathe inyathelo elibalulekileyo lokufumana iifayile zeMKV.

Inkxaso yongezwa kwisandi esikhethekileyo, esifakwe kwi-codec ye-MPEG-H kunye namajelo angama-24 ewonke. Inguqulelo yeshumi elinambini ngale nto iphucula zombini iaudiyo kunye nevidiyo kwaye umntu oza kuxhamla uya kuba ngumsebenzisi, oya kuthi ekugqibeleni abe nakho ukusebenza nayo xa eguqula ividiyo kunye nefowuni.

Umsongo we-elastic

Ubutsha obufakwe kwi-Android 12 ngumsongo we-elastic, Ebonwe kwi-iPhone yokuqala ekhutshwe yiApple, ilungelo elilodwa lomenzi xa likhutshwa ngoku lisetyenziswa nguGoogle kwisoftware yayo. Oopopayi benza isiphumo esibi xa ufikelela esiphelweni semenyu, kujongeka ngathi ubambe i-elastic.

Esi siphumo sokubhabha solula iileta, lutshintsho olungezelelweyo oluya kuthi ngokuqinisekileyo lubathande uninzi lwabo basebenzisa inkqubo yokusebenza ye-Android. I-Android 12 ithatha indawo ebalulekileyo, yokongeza iindaba ezinomdla kwaye enye yezona zibalulekileyo ngumsongo, kodwa ayisiyiyo kuphela.

Izixhobo ezinokufakwa kuyo

I-Android 12 beta

Kukho iimodeli ezimbalwa apho i-Android 12 beta inokufakwa khonaPhakathi kwazo eyokuqala ilayini yePixel phantse kuzo zonke iimodeli zayo. Ngabokuqala esele beyibonile indlela esebenza ngayo i-beta nangona ikwi-beta, bebona ukuba umbono wokuqala uba ulunge ngokwenyani.

Ngaphandle kweePixels zikaGoogle, kukho abenzi beefowuni abaliqela abavuma ukuba banakho ukufaka inkqubo yokusebenza namhlanje. Elona cebiso lililo kukuba uguqule u-11 efakwe ngoku kwifowuni, kwimeko apho kuya kufuneka ukhuphe xa uyizamile.

Izixhobo ezixhaswayo zikaPixel zezi zilandelayo:

  • Google Pixel 3
  • I-Pixel 3 XL
  • Google Pixel 3a
  • Pixel 3a XL
  • Pixel 4
  • I-Pixel 4 XL
  • Google Pixel 4a
  • IPixel 4a 5G
  • Pixel 5

Iindidi zeefowuni ezaziwayo zineenkxaso zokuvavanya ingxelo okwangoku ukwisigaba esivuthiweyo, kodwa loo nto kufuneka ilungise iimpazamo. Baninzi abaphuhlisi ngasemva kwesoftware ebifundise okwangoku kwizigaba zangaphambili.

Abavelisi abaxhasiweyo zezi: Samsung, Oppo, ASUS, Oneplus, Realme, Sharp, TCL, Tecno Mobile, ZTE, kunye neXiaomi.

Iimodeli ezingezizo zikaGoogle ezixhasa i-Android 12

I-Android 12b

UGoogle kwiphepha laBaphuhlisi be-Android uqinisekisile iifowuni zokuqala ezingezizo zePixel kuvavanyo Ezibandakanyiweyo ukuze zikwazi ukuvavanya:

  • Xiaomi Mi 11
  • I-Xiaomi Mi 11X Pro
  • I-Xiaomi Mi 11 Ultra
  • Xiami Mi 11i
  • I-Oppo Fumana i-X3 Pro
  • ASUS Zenfone 8
  • I-TCL 20 Pro 5G
  • I-ZTE Axon 30 ye-Ultra 5G
  • IQOO 7 Igosa

Kuhleli ukutyhila iimodeli zabavelisi abane ngenkxaso ye-Android 12Phakathi kwazo kukho iRealme, Sharp, iTecno Mobile (uphawu lwefowuni yaseTshayina) kunye ne-Oneplus. Ekuphela kwento eyaziwayo ukuba ziimodeli ezimbalwa ezivela kwinkampani nganye, ke ihlala ihleli ukubona ukuba loluphi uhlaziyo lukaGoogle kwiphepha lenkxaso.

I-beta yesibini ye-Android 12 izakufika ngenyanga kaJuni, kwinyanga elandelayo kaJulayi ngolwesithathu kwaye ngo-Agasti owesithathu uya kufika kunye ne-beta yokugqibela. Emva ko-Agasti ingxelo yokugqibela yayiza kukhutshwa, kuba ekwindla ukuba ifumaneke.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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